Qualified Remodeler Magazine

JUL 2018

Qualified Remodeler helps independent remodeling firms to survive, become more professional and more profitable by providing must-have business information, namely best business practices, new product information and timely design ideas.

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BATHROOM LIGHTING The vanity e goal of lighting the vanity is to create a light pattern that provides even lighting of the face. Avoiding shadows under the eyes, nose and chin is a must. e best way to light a vanity to avoid shadows is with cross-light- ing. It provides even lighting side-to-side and top-to-bottom. e preferred method of cross-lighting is to install a vertical row of lights on each side of the mirror. ese lights can be several LED lights, a strip LED or fluorescent, or a single wall sconce. e center of the light fixture should be placed at eye level, usually 60 to 64 inches off the floor. e distance the client will typically stand from the mirror normally determines light-fixture separation. If the user will stand 22 inches from the mirror, the fixtures should be separated by 30 inches; if the user will be closer to the mirror—as would be the case with a seated vanity—then the fixtures should be separated by 22 inches. If the vanity is placed in an alcove or between tall cabinets, one method to provide cross-lighting is with lighting mount- ed on the side cabinets. For an indirect effect, consider using a lighted mirror. General bath lighting While the task area at the vanity is the most crit- ical to light correctly, the bathroom as a whole needs adequate light as well. In the past, the typical installation was a single ceiling fixture with a white opal diffuser that projected a few inches below the ceiling, but these fixtures are bright, glaring and produce unpleasant shadows. Multiple fixtures that are flush or recessed into the ceiling are good options. Recessed fixtures reduce glare, even with high-wattage bulbs. | ¡ Don't place fixtures on dark ceilings; it will make them appear bright and cause more glare. ¡ When lighting a task, place the fixture to the side and slightly in front of the task. ¡ To avoid harsh scalloping on the walls when installing down-light fixtures, place them at least 2 feet from the wall. Ceiling-mounted fixtures Ceiling-mounted fixtures attach directly to the ceiling or to a ceiling track. ese fixtures are used to provide ambient lighting only. ey may also provide supplemental ambient lighting near a task area. To minimize glare, be sure the lamps are at least 6 feet 8 inches above the floor. Wall-mounted fixtures or sconces As the name implies, such fixtures mount directly to a wall. ey can produce direct, indirect or diffused lighting, and they are use- ful in lighting hallways, dining rooms, living rooms and more. Conceal the lamps with the use of opaque or semi-translucent lenses. KITCHEN LIGHTING Ambient Adequate ambient light can be attained with the use of a single fluorescent/LED, several recessed LED lights or a fluorescent luminous ceiling. is lighting can be indirect—aimed to bounce off pale walls or the ceiling and then into the room. Task e kitchen table may need task lighting as well as decorative lighting. In this case, the use of a fixture with a down-light as part of the chandelier could provide the needed task light. You could also use recessed lighting above the table. In a room with an 8-foot ceiling, hang- ing table lights are generally placed 25 to 30 inches above the table. is distance should be increased by 3 inches for every additional foot of ceiling height. When using pendant fixtures over a table, ensure that the fixtures are smaller in diameter than the table. hen selecting lighting systems for use in a kitchen or bath- room, be sure to ask what the client will need in terms of am- bient lighting, task lighting and accent lighting. Insufficient, poorly placed or excess light fixtures can have a negative impact on an otherwise great room. Let's review a few definitions so we have a common frame of reference. General lighting (also called ambient lighting): Lighting that radiates a comfort- able level of brightness, enabling one to see and walk about safely. is is also referred to as a basic form of lighting that replaces sunlight. It can be achieved with chandeliers, ceiling or wall-mounted fixtures, recessed or track lights, and lanterns outside the home. Task lighting: Lighting that is focused on a specific task such as reading, grooming or cooking is called task lighting. Task lighting should be bright enough to prevent eyestrain, and can be accomplished with track and re- cessed lighting as well as pendant lighting. Accent lighting: A decorative form of light- ing that spotlights treasured objects—such as paintings and houseplants—or highlights the texture of a wall, drapery or outdoor garden. is type of lighting is usually provided by track, recessed or wall-mounted fixtures. FIXTURES Lighting fixtures can generally be classified as recessed, ceiling-mounted, wall-mounted or architectural. Recessed fixtures Recessed fixtures direct light downward or toward a wall. e light can be distributed in a narrow or broad pattern, provide a spot or diffused focus as well as ambient, wall wash- ing or accent lighting. Some issues to consider when selecting re- cessed fixtures: ¡ Ensure the light source cannot be seen from normal lines of sight. ¡ Use halogen PAR incandescent lamps when providing accent or task lighting. W S C H E D U L E AUGUST — CKBR: Demo Best Practices SEPTEMBER — CKBR: Structural Adjustments OCTOBER — CKBR: Materials CERTIFIED KITCHEN AND BATH REMODELER: Lighting 18 July 2018 QR QualifiedRemodeler.com PROFITS: NARI Recertification QR has teamed up with NARI to create a convenient way to earn credits toward your recertification. After reading this issue's article, take the test for CEUs at QualifiedRemodeler.com/NARI.

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